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War & Peace     

Other articles on Civic Engagement issues will be found at the Other Issues link.

February-August 2003 articles on the war in Iraq will be found at the Pre-emptive War link.

Thanks for the Memories, Saddam
Click above for a selection of timely movies, or go straight to the title cut, which is a keeper.
Katherine Harris is the subject of this recent movie.

The Guardian's Iraq timeline, July 16 1979 - Jan 31 2004
The Guardian's Iraq timeline, Feb 1 2004 - present
The Washington Post's Fallujah uprising timeline, Feb 1 2004 - April 5, 2004

Media Coverage of Iraq, Politics

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Major Articles on Abu Ghraib

    December 21, 2004
    New F.B.I. Files Describe Abuse of Iraq Inmates: F.B.I. memorandums portray abuse of prisoners by American military personnel in Iraq that included detainees' being beaten and choked and having lit cigarettes placed in their ears, according to newly released government documents. more...

    May 31, 2004
    Army Investigates Wider Iraq Offenses: Over the past year and a half, the Army has opened investigations into at least 91 cases of possible misconduct by U.S. soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan, a total not previously reported and one that points to a broader range of wrongful behavior than defense officials have acknowledged. more...

    May 15, 2004
    The Gray Zone – Secret Pentagon Program at Abu Ghraib: The roots of the Abu Ghraib prison scandal lie not in the criminal inclinations of a few Army reservists but in a decision, approved last year by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, to expand a highly secret operation aimed at the interrogation of prisoners in Iraq. more...

    May 9, 2004
    Chain of Command – How They Mishandled the Disaster: Within the Pentagon, there was a spate of fingerpointing last week. “This is beyond the pale in terms of lack of command attention,” said a retired major general. “Where were the flag officers? And I’m not just talking about a one-star,” he added. “This was a huge leadership failure.” more...

    April 30, 2004
    Torture at Abu Ghraib – How Far Up Does the Responsibility Go? Senior military officers, and President Bush, insist that the actions of a few did not reflect the conduct of the military as a whole. The official report, however, amounts to an unsparing study of collective wrongdoing and the failure of Army leadership at the highest levels. more...


Problems in the Media Coverage of Iraq

    January 23, 2005
    On Television, Torture Takes a Holiday: Since the early bombshells from Abu Ghraib last year, the torture story has all but vanished from television. If a story isn't on TV in America, it doesn't exist in our culture. more...

    December 15, 2004
    The Cowardice of the Mainstream Press in the Face of American Wars: A decidedly authoritarian editorial process, dominated by the spokespersons for the who’s who in American society, has largely kept the media on the Right side of American wars. more...

    August 13, 2004
    Washington Post Rethinks Its Coverage of War Debate: The Washington Post said top editors had erred before the war by not giving front-page prominence to more articles that cast doubt on the Bush administration's claims that Saddam Hussein was hiding weapons of mass destruction. more...

    August 12, 2004
    Prewar Articles Questioning Threat Often Didn't Make Front Page: Washington Post Executive Editor: "We were so focused on trying to figure out what the administration was doing that we were not giving the same play to people who said it wouldn't be a good idea to go to war. That was a mistake on my part." more...

    August 1, 2004
    TV Networks Trample Over Public's Interests: Tom Brokaw, Peter Jennings and Dan Rather all asked their bosses at NBC, ABC and CBS to increase the airtime for the national political conventions. No, said the bosses, only an hour a night is enough. The bosses say the conventions are not newsworthy... and they are not important. more...

    June 18, 2004
    Was The New Republic Wrong? Duh: They do admit: “The central assumption underlying this magazine's strategic rationale for war now appears to have been wrong.” (They’re referring to the idea that Iraq was busily building a nuclear weapon.) Duh. Everyone with any sense knew that before the war. Those with no sense figured it out a few weeks after the war. Then there is TNR, just realizing it now. more...

    New York Magazine Issue of June 7, 2004
    The Source of the Trouble: Pulitzer Prize winner Judith Miller’s series of exclusives about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq—courtesy of the now-notorious Ahmad Chalabi—helped the New York Times keep up with the competition and the Bush administration bolster the case for war. But the very same talents that caused her to get the story also caused her to get it wrong. more...

    May 30, 2004
    Weapons of Mass Destruction? Or Mass Distraction? In 1920 the Times had missed the real story of the Bolshevik Revolution because its writers and editors "were nervously excited by exciting events." That could have been said about the Times and the war in Iraq. The excitement's over; now the work begins. more...

    May 24, 2004
    Insights into "The Arab Mind"? This article from The Guardian (U.K.) explains why a book packed with sweeping generalisations about Arabs carries so much weight with both neocons and military in the US. more...

    May 26, 2004
    The N.Y. Times and Coverage of Iraq in the U.S. Media: After reviewing hundreds of articles the N.Y. Times editors have found a number of instances of coverage that was not as rigorous as it should have been. Some information was insufficiently qualified or allowed to stand unchallenged. more...

    May 27, 2004
    Not Fit to Print: the N.Y. Times Details How It Was Manipulated: When the full history of the Iraq war is written, one of its most scandalous chapters will be about how American journalists, in particular those at the New York Times, so easily allowed themselves to be manipulated by both dubious sources. more...



Go To Top

The War in Iraq

    GO TO Media Coverage of Iraq, Politics

    January 27, 2005
    Communicator in Chief Keeps the Focus on Iraq Positive: President Bush's opening statement at his news conference on Wednesday was striking for what it left out: any mention of the 31 Americans who died overnight in the crash of a Marine helicopter in Iraq, the largest number of American deaths in a single incident since the war began. more...

    January 23, 2005
    Secret Unit Expands Rumsfeld's Domain: The Pentagon, expanding into the CIA's historic bailiwick, has created a new espionage arm and is reinterpreting U.S. law to give Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld broad authority over clandestine operations abroad. more...

    January 22, 2005
    The Speech Misheard Round the World: Since 9/11, President Bush and his advisers have engaged in a series of arguments concerning the relation between freedom, tyranny and terrorism. The president's inaugural paean to freedom was the culmination of these arguments. more...

    December 27, 2004
    Shopping for War: You might think that the debacle in Iraq would be enough for the Pentagon, that it would not be in the mood to seek out new routes to unnecessary wars for the United States to fight. But with Donald Rumsfeld at the apex of the defense establishment, enough is never enough. more...

    December 23, 2004
    Suicide Mission in Mosul: The devastating noontime mess-hall attack on a U.S. base just outside of Mosul Tuesday -- which resulted in 22 dead America soldiers and civilians -- signals the final unraveling of the U.S. war effort in Iraq, say military analysts. more...

    December 22, 2004
    New Papers Suggest Detainee Abuse Was Widespread: The Bush administration is facing a wave of new allegations that the abuse of foreign detainees in U.S. military custody was more widespread, varied and grave in the past three years than the Defense Department has long maintained. more...

    December 21, 2004
    New F.B.I. Files Describe Abuse of Iraq Inmates: F.B.I. memorandums portray abuse of prisoners by American military personnel in Iraq that included detainees' being beaten and choked and having lit cigarettes placed in their ears, according to newly released government documents. more...

    December 5, 2004
    Editorial: The System Endures: The worst aspect of the Abu Ghraib scandal is this: The system survived its public exposure. The Bush administration is vigorously prosecuting the lowly reservists depicted in the Abu Ghraib photos, while brazenly defending the larger process it established for extracting intelligence from prisoners. more...

    November 16, 2004
    'This One's Faking He's Dead' – 'He's Dead Now': The U.S. Marine Corps launched an investigation into possible war crimes last night after video footage taken inside a mosque in Fallujah apparently showed a Marine shooting dead an unarmed Iraqi insurgent who had been taken prisoner. more...

    November 9, 2004
    Aggressive War: Supreme International Crime: At the Nuremberg Tribunal, Justice Jackson wrote: "No political or economic situation can justify" the crime of aggression... If certain acts in violation of treaties are crimes they are crimes whether the United States does them or whether Germany does them, and we are not prepared to lay down a rule of criminal conduct against others which we would not be willing to have invoked against us." more...

    October 27, 2004
    Foreign Policy Damaging U.S. Economy: The rejection of American foreign policy overseas is translating into a rejection of products with U.S. brand names – in effect an economic referendum on U.S. foreign policy. The effect of this can be seen in the third quarter earnings reports now coming out for several leading U.S. corporations. more...

    October 24, 2004
    After Terror, a Secret Rewriting of Military Law: First of two articles Three years after setting up extraordinary legal (extralegal?) procedures, of the roughly 560 men being held at the United States naval base at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, only 4 have been formally charged, and not a single terrorist has been prosecuted. Following a Supreme Court decision that gave detainees the right to challenge their imprisonment, the Pentagon has stepped up efforts to send home hundreds of men whom it once branded as dangerous terrorists. more...

    October 24, 2004
    Counting the Hidden Costs of War in Iraq: It's often said that truth is the first casualty of war. During a presidential campaign, that may be more apt than ever. Consider a seemingly simple question: What is the cost of the Iraq war to the United States? Both candidates have ignored what may be the biggest cost item: the war's impact on the overall economy. more...

    October 17, 2004
    Broad Use of Harsh Tactics Is Described at Cuba Base: Military guards, intelligence agents and others, described in interviews with The New York Times a range of procedures that included treatment they said was highly abusive occurring over a long period of time... more...

    October 11, 2004
    Investigative Journalist Seymour Hersh: The Iraq War is Not Winnable: The Iraq war is not winnable, a secret U.S. military unit has been "disappearing" people since December 2001, and America has no idea how irreparably its torture of Iraqis at Abu Ghraib prison has damaged its image in the Middle East. Hersh spills the secrets of the Iraq quagmire and the War on Terror. more...

    posted October 10, 2004
    Take Them Out, Dude: Pilots Toast Hit On Iraqi 'Civilians': The Pentagon said yesterday it was investigating cockpit video footage that shows American pilots attacking and killing a group of apparently unarmed Iraqi civilians. The 30-second clip shows the pilot targeting the group of people in a street in the city of Fallujah and asking his mission controllers whether he should "take them out". He is told to do so and, shortly afterwards, the footage shows a huge explosion where the people were. A second voice can be heard on the clip saying: "Oh, dude." Critics say it proves war crimes are being committed. more...

    October 9, 2004
    Report Cites U.S. Profits in Sale of Iraqi Oil Under Hussein: Four American oil companies - Chevron, Mobil, Texaco and Bay Oil - and three individuals including Oscar S. Wyatt Jr. of Houston were given vouchers and got 111 million barrels of oil between them from 1996 to 2003. The vouchers allowed them to profit by selling the oil or the right to trade it. more...

    September 12, 2004
    Explosions Rock Baghdad Near U.S. Offices: Strong explosions shook central Baghdad early Sunday, and fighting erupted on a major street in the heart of the city near the U.S.-guarded Green Zone. more...

    September 5, 2004
    Government by, for and Secret From the People: The federal government is becoming even more secretive. A new study found that the administration protected some 14 million documents last year - a 60 percent increase since 2001. more...

    August 12, 2004
    Terrorism Fears No Longer Helping Bush, Study Finds: A new study reveals a surprising twist on the conventional wisdom about November's presidential election: While political pundits seem to agree that news of terrorist threats and other dangers from abroad is good news for President Bush's re-election bid, the opposite might be true. more...

    August 7, 2004
    Pakistan: U.S. Blew Undercover Operation: The al-Qaida "suspect" named by U.S. officials as the source of information that led to this week's terrorist alerts was working undercover. Under pressure to justify the alerts, U.S. officials blew his cover, putting an end to the sting operation and forcing Pakistan to hide him in a secret location. more...

    June 27, 2004
    Defining Torture: Russian Roulette, Yes. Mind-Altering Drugs, Maybe: Of all the memos released by the White House last week in response to the prison abuse scandal in Iraq, none have been more incendiary than the so-called torture memo, dated Aug. 1, 2002, and written by Jay S. Bybee, the assistant attorney general in charge of the Office of Legal Counsel at the Justice Department. more...

    June 27, 2004
    Aides Say Memo Backed Coercion for Qaeda Cases: An August 2002 memo by the Justice Department that concluded interrogators could use extreme techniques on detainees in the war on terror helped provide an after-the-fact legal basis for harsh procedures used by the C.I.A. on high-level leaders of Al Qaeda. more...

    June 24, 2004
    Al Gore: "Democracy Itself Is in Grave Danger": Former Vice President Al Gore charges that the Bush administration's use of executive power goes beyond the pale. America's greatest challenge today, he argues, "is not terrorism but how we react to terrorism." (full text of speech to the American Constitution Society at Georgetown University on June 24, 2004) more...

    June 20, 2004
    The Iraq-Qaeda Link: A Short History: For nearly three years, murky speculation, innuendo and inaccurate information have kept a connection between Saddam Hussein and the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11 alive in the American mind. Here's a record of some of those claims by administration officials. more...

    June 19, 2004
    Guantanamo Prisoners 'Wrongly Held': The US released more than two dozen prisoners from Guantanamo Bay earlier this year after Pentagon lawyers determined that some had been detained wrongly for as long as two years. more...

    From the Issue of June 21, 2004
    It Depends on What the Meaning of 'Torture' Is: Did the U.S. go too far in changing the rules, or did it apply the new rules to the wrong people? A series of leaked legal memos has revealed that since late 2001 the Administration has been quietly but fundamentally reshaping America's stance on torture. more...

    Posted June 17, 2004
    Bush's Team Needs a Coach: Last week, the State Department sheepishly admitted that its earlier report was in error. Rather than showing that terrorism declined last year, the corrected report will show that it increased. more...

    Posted June 16, 2004
    Pew Poll: Mistrust of America in Europe Ever Higher, Muslim Anger Persists: In this Pew poll, published in March 2004, discontent with America and its policies has intensified rather than diminished. Opinion of the United States in France and Germany is at least as negative now as at the war’s conclusion, and British views are decidedly more critical. more...

    June 14, 2004
    War Between the White House and Intelligence Agencies – "A Temporary Coup": Author Thomas Powers says the White House's corruption of intelligence has caused the greatest foreign policy catastrophe in modern U.S. history -- and sparked a civil war with the nation's intel agencies. more...

    June 13, 2004
    Justice Dept. Memo Says Torture 'May Be Justified': Today washingtonpost.com is posting a copy of the Aug. 1, 2002, memorandum (PDF) "Re: Standards of Conduct for Interrogation under 18 U.S.C. 2340-2340A," from the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel for Alberto R. Gonzales, counsel to President Bush. more...

    June 8, 2004
    Memo Offered Justification for Use of Torture: In August 2002, the Justice Department advised the White House that torturing al Qaeda terrorists in captivity abroad "may be justified," and that international laws against torture "may be unconstitutional if applied to interrogations" conducted in President Bush's war on terrorism, according to a newly obtained memo. more...

    June 1, 2004
    The Deep Game – Commentary by William Rivers Pitt: It has been known for a long time in intelligence circles that Ahmad Chalabi had strong connections to Iran. Evidence to support allegations that Chalabi has been acting in the interests of Iran goes back some ten years. more...

    Issue of June 7, 2004
    The New Yorker on Ahmad Chalabi, The Manipulator: A former C.I.A. counter-terrorism specialist says, “With Chalabi, we paid to fool ourselves. It’s horrible. In other times, it might be funny. But a lot of people are dead as a result of this. It’s reprehensible.” more...

    May 25, 2004
    Jim Hoagland: Five Points of Reality That Bush Overlooked: A former supporter of "regime change" in Iraq reacts to the president's first in a series of five apologias, and writes: "Your words lacked the minimal dose of honesty a leader owes his nation in times of crisis." more...

    May 24, 2004
    Susan Sontag On the Ugly Face of the War On Terror: The horrific images from Abu Ghraib have come to define the ill-starred occupation of Iraq, but what do they really tell us about America? Are they simply the work of a few rogue soldiers, or the result of the new foreign and domestic policies of the Bush administration, which find ready approval in an increasingly brutalised society? more...

    May 23, 2004
    President Plans Drive To Rescue Iraq Policy: President Bush will launch an ambitious campaign tomorrow night to shift attention from recent setbacks that have eroded domestic and international support for U.S. policy in Iraq, particularly the Abu Ghraib prison scandal and the escalating violence, and focus instead on the future of post-occupation Iraq. more...

    May 18, 2004
    Village Voice on "The Jesus Landing Pad": Claiming to be "the Christian Voice in the Nation's Capital," this group fears an Israeli withdrawal from Gaza might enable a Palestinian state, and they object on the grounds that all of Old Testament Israel belongs to the Jews. Until Israel is intact and Solomon's temple rebuilt, they believe, Christ won't come back to earth. more...

    May 22, 2004
    Questions on Death of Prisoner: Maj. Gen. Abed Hamed Mowhoush, commander of Iraq's air force, was placed in a sleeping bag with only his feet exposed, rolled across the floor and suffocated by an interrogator, according to investigative documents obtained from a Pentagon source. more...

    May 22, 2004
    From John Ashcroft's Justice Department to Abu Ghraib: The legal arguments that justified the Bush administration's undermining of the Geneva Conventions can be traced to John Ashcroft's Justice Department, where a top deputy to the attorney general drafted them during the months after 9/11. more...

    May 21, 2004
    One incident. Forty dead. Two stories. What really happened? So potentially damaging is the video to the US occupation that American officials have demanded that the al-Arabiya TV network give them the name of the cameraman who took it. Al-Arabiya has refused. more...

    May 21, 2004
    New Details of Prison Abuse Emerge: Previously secret sworn statements by Iraq detainees describe in raw detail new accounts of abuse – prisoners being ridden like animals, sexually fondled by female soldiers and forced to retrieve their food from toilets. more...

    May 21, 2004
    The War's Dark Side: Filling in the Blanks: The Abu Ghraib photos were shocking – but how many shocking images have we not seen after more than a year of war? Two striking documentaries suggest how rarely the harshest images — and sometimes the unwelcome news — have penetrated American newscasts until now. more...

    May 18, 2004
    ABC News Exclusive – ‘Definitely a Cover-Up’: Dozens of soldiers — other than the seven military police reservists who have been charged — were involved in the abuse at Iraq's Abu Ghraib prison, and there is an effort under way in the Army to hide it, a key witness in the investigation told ABCNEWS. more...

    May 17, 2004
    The War on Terror – Victims Turning Perpetrators: George Soros's commencement address to the Columbia School of International & Public Affairs. more...

    May 9, 2004
    Dissension Grows In Senior Ranks On War Strategy: Deep divisions are emerging at the top of the U.S. military over the course of the occupation of Iraq, with some senior officers beginning to say that the United States faces the prospect of casualties for years without achieving its goal of establishing a free and democratic Iraq. more...

    May 9, 2004
    The Guardian: Abuse of Prisoners Began Long Before Sickening Images Appeared: The Red Cross has been saying for months that abuse, 'tantamount' to torture, tolerated by coalition forces - was not the 'exception' but close to the norm. more...

    May 9, 2004
    Washington Post Series – A Prison on the Brink: First of a three-part series on the crisis at Abu Ghraib. The prison, known for abuses under Saddam Hussein, was reopened by U.S. forces on Aug. 4 of last year. more...

    May 8, 2004
    Rumsfeld Warns of Photos Depicting Worse Abuses: San Francisco Chronicle Analysis: Not since the Vietnam War a generation ago has the credibility of top U.S. military commanders been challenged as aggressively and openly as it was Friday on Capitol Hill. Is the nation nearing turning point in support of war? more...

    May 4, 2004
    Complete Text of Military Investigation of Iraqi Prisoner Abuse: The report was prepared by Maj. Gen. Antonio M. Taguba on alleged abuse of prisoners by members of the 800th Military Police Brigade at the Abu Ghraib Prison in Baghdad. more...

    April 22, 2004
    U.S. Occupation of Iraq Running Over Budget: With bills piling up from the conflict in Iraq, pressure is mounting on war planners in Washington to come up with additional money. Republicans complained that the administration's plan to put off a request until early next year was unrealistic. more...

    April 22, 2004
    Shades of Iran-Contra: In the war on Iraq, the serious constitutional issues and governmental abuses, the methods and the continuity of some key personnel, evoke memories of the mostly forgotten Reagan administration Iran-Contra scandal. more...

    April 19, 2004
    Security Companies: Shadow Soldiers in Iraq: Far more than in any other conflict in United States history, the Pentagon is relying on private security companies to perform crucial jobs once entrusted to the military. With every week of insurgency, these companies are becoming more deeply enmeshed in combat, in some cases all but obliterating distinctions between professional troops and private commandos. more...

    April 18, 2004
    The Imperial Presidency and the Constraints of the Law: Starting this week, the Supreme Court will take up three cases dealing with the Bush administration's detention of "enemy combatants." The administration's lawyers argue for a view of executive authority that leaves no room for "second-guessing" by the federal courts. more...

    April 17, 2004
    Rage and Despair Among Liberal Israelis and Palestinians: The Bush-Sharon agreement is seen as the death notice of Bush's stillborn "road map" proposal and the beginning of a new stage in Israeli politics in which Israel, rather than negotiating a settlement with the Palestinians, negotiates one with America. more...

    April 17, 2004
    Karl Rove Regrets "Mission Accomplished" Banner: "I wish the banner was not up there [on the aircraft carrier]," said White House political strategist Karl Rove. "I'll acknowledge the fact that it has become one of those convenient symbols." more...

    April 15, 2004
    Hear No Evil, Read No Evil, Speak Drivel: At his press conference, Bush was a confusion of absolute confidence and panic. He jumbled facts and conflated threats, redoubling the vehemence of his incoherence at every mildly sceptical question. more...

    April 10, 2004
    Bush's Low Profile Questioned as Violence Flares in Iraq: In the current crisis, Bush has remained largely out of sight at his Texas ranch as others explain his policies. Bush's silence in the face of mounting U.S. casualties in Iraq and concerns about the administration's timetable for transferring power to the Iraqis has brought criticism from Democrats and Republicans alike. more...

    April 10, 2004
    AP Reports: Bush Memo Included Possible Plot Warning: President Bush's August 2001 briefing on terror threats included information that federal agents were investigating reports three months earlier about a possible plot on U.S. soil, according to several people who have seen the memo. more...

    April 4, 2004
    Bush's Credibility Now Rests on Her Shoulders: When Ms. Rice publicly testifies to the commission investigating the Sept. 11 attacks, she will have to turn in a show-stopping performance as the woman on whose shoulders the credibility of the Bush administration now rests. more...

    April 2, 2004
    Crackdown After a Week of Violence in Uzbekistan: Following a government crackdown in the wake of this week's violent attacks in Uzbekistan, which killed at least 44 people and injured scores more, activists warn of a further decline in the state of human rights. more...

    April 2, 2004
    British Author's Visa Ordeal Is One for the Books: Halted en route to a West Coast lecture tour, Ian McEwan, an acclaimed British novelist who lunched last fall with first lady Laura Bush, was denied entry into the United States for 36 hours this week. more...

    April 2, 2004
    White House Holds Back Clinton Papers: The White House has not turned over thousands of pages of documents from the Clinton administration to a commission investigating the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, even though the records are relevant to the panel's mission, one of Clinton's attorneys said yesterday. more...

    April 2, 2004
    Killings in Iraq Challenge US Will: When Iraqis beat a toppled statue of Saddam Hussein a year ago, the White House was delighted. Now one year later, the gruesome sight of Iraqis beating burned corpses of Americans has transcended the daily deaths in Iraq, and become a challenge to American will. At the very least, it raises questions about the depth of the US-led transformation there. more...

    American Prospect Issue of April 1, 2004
    The Fear Factor in the 2004 Election: Our hype-driven culture thrives on confusing reality with fantasy and on making us afraid that we're making the wrong choice. Sounds a lot like the Bush re-election campaign. more...

    April 1, 2004
    Washington Animal House: While the frat-boy-in-chief cracked wise about missing WMD, the Washington press corps guffawed like fawning pledges -- but the joke's on them. more...

    March 31, 2004
    Ten Americans Killed, Brutalized in Iraq: Four American civilians were ambushed and killed Wednesday, and an enraged mob then jubilantly dragged the burned bodies through the streets of downtown Falluja, hanging at least two corpses from a bridge over the Euphrates River. Less than 15 miles away, five American soldiers were killed when a roadside bomb ripped through their armored personnel carrier. more...

    March 20, 2004
    Charges Dropped Against Chaplain: The military said Friday night that it was dropping all charges, including one of mishandling classified information, against Capt. James J. Yee, the former Muslim chaplain at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. The case against Captain Yee, who officials once suggested was part of an espionage ring, had become a lingering embarrassment for the Pentagon. more...

    March 19, 2004
    Ex-Advisor Says Bush Eyed Bombing of Iraq on 9/11: A former White House anti-terrorism advisor says the Bush administration considered bombing Iraq in retaliation after Sept. 11, 2001 even though it was clear al Qaeda had carried out the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. more...

    March 19, 2004
    One Year After: New York Times Editorial on Iraq: President Bush began the war in Iraq. Most Americans expected military victory to come quickly, as it did. Despite the administration's optimism about what would follow, it was also easy to predict that the period after the fall of Baghdad would be very messy and very dangerous. In that sense, right now we're exactly where we expected to be. more...

    March 18, 2004
    Bush Administration Neoconservatives & the Spanish Election: The consequences of Bush remain center stage. As the arrogance of power increasingly leads to the dissolution of power, the "ideological war" becomes more furious. For the neoconservatives, the political meaning of 3/11 [in Madrid] must be forced into the Procrustean bed of Bush's 9/11. Bush's campaign, after all, turns on the preemptive strike. more...

    March 18, 2004
    US vs. Europe: Two Views of Terror: With President Bush set to emphasize in a speech Friday that the war in Iraq is a cornerstone of his war on terrorism, the White House is leaving no doubt about its view that the battle against terror, as practiced in this century, is indeed a war. But that view has not caught on with America's European allies - and has only met with more vehement rejection as the Bush administration has equated the terror war with the Iraq war. more...

    March 17, 2004
    Poll Finds Hostility Hardening Toward U.S. Policies: During the first year of the United States occupation of Iraq, antagonism toward American foreign policy in some European and Muslim countries has hardened, with public opinion overseas swinging sharply in favor of charting a course independent of Washington, a new poll has found. more...

    March 13, 2004
    Europe Looks at the U.S. Across a Great Divide: The war in Iraq has made the Atlantic seem wider. But really it has had the effect of a magnifying glass, bringing older and more fundamental differences between Europe and the United States into focus. Growing divisions — over war, peace, religion, sex, life and death — amount to a philosophical dispute about the common origins of European and American civilization. Both children of the Enlightenment, the United States and Europe clearly differ about the nature of this inheritance and about who is its better custodian. more...

    March 6, 2004
    Sen. Edward Kennedy on Bush's "Needless War": Accusing the president of "pure, unadulterated fear-mongering," the Massachusetts Senator delivers a scathing indictment of the administration's case for invading Iraq. more...

    February 29, 2004
    For Kerry and Edwards – Much Bears Repeating: One of the pitfalls of being the front-runner is that more people have caught your stump speech in its various forms. This article takes a look at some of the themes that Kerry and Edwards have come to rely on. more...

    February 28, 2004
    Treasury Department Is Warning Publishers of the Perils of Criminal Editing of the Enemy: Writers often grumble about the criminal things editors do to their prose. The federal government has recently weighed in on the same issue — literally. It has warned publishers they may face grave legal consequences for editing manuscripts from Iran and other disfavored nations, on the ground that such tinkering amounts to trading with the enemy. more...

    February 9, 2004
    Arundhati Roy on The New American Century: The new missionaries want order at the cost of justice. Discipline at the cost of dignity. And ascendancy at any price. Occasionally we're invited to "debate" the issue on "neutral" platforms provided by the corporate media. Debating imperialism is a bit like debating the pros and cons of rape. more...

    February 1, 2004
    Powell's Case, a Year Later – Gaps in Picture of Iraq Arms: A year ago Secretary of State Powell told the U.N. that Iraq had large stockpiles of chemical and biological weapons and that it was reconstituting its nuclear weapons program and building a fleet of advanced missiles. A year later, many of his gravest findings have been upended by David A. Kay, who until Jan. 23 was Washington's chief weapons inspector. more...

    January 25, 2004
    The President Makes Danger His Campaign Theme: Bush is holding himself out as the candidate who can best protect the nation from the evils of a post-9/11 world. Many Democrats call it the politics of fear; Republicans call it reality. Whatever the terminology, Mr. Bush tells voters that the choice is between him and "the dangerous illusion" (i.e. Democrats). more...

    January 24, 2004
    A Tougher War for the U.S. Is One of Legitimacy: Americans and Europeans differed on what to do about Iraq, whether Saddam Hussein posed a serious threat, and whether war was the right answer. More than 80 percent of Americans believe that war may achieve justice; less than half of Europeans believe that a war — any war — can ever be just. more...

    January 24, 2004
    Iraq Illicit Arms Gone Before War, Departing Inspector States: David Kay, who led the American effort to find banned weapons in Iraq, said Friday after stepping down from his post that he has concluded that Iraq had no stockpiles of chemical and biological weapons at the start of the war last year. more...

    January 17, 2004
    "A legal black hole": In an extraordinary Supreme Court filing, five military lawyers equate Bush's denial of legal rights to the Guantanamo Bay detainees to King George's oppression of the American colonists. more...

    December 28, 2003
    Two views of Iraq: As Critics Zero In, Wolfowitz Is Unflinching: When Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz talks with great intensity about Iraq, it isn't just because his political future and his place in history are likely to be determined by the course of events there. He sees the invasion as part of a larger campaign against terrorism, the third great American struggle against totalitarianism. more...

    December 23, 2003
    For Vietnam Vet Anthony Zinni, Another War on Shaky Territory: Gen. Zinni still talks like an old-school Marine. Yet he finds himself in the unaccustomed role of rallying the antiwar camp, attacking the policies of the president and commander in chief whom he had endorsed in the 2000 election. more...

    December 28, 2003
    Report on Brutal Vietnam Campaign Stirs Memories: Burning huts and villages, shooting civilians and throwing grenades into protective shelters were common tactics for American ground forces throughout Vietnam, a contention that is backed up by accounts of journalists, historians and disillusioned troops. more...

    December 28, 2003
    Up to 13 Die as Attacks Shatter Fragile Calm in Southern Iraq: At least four soldiers from the occupying forces and at least nine Iraqis were killed Saturday in four highly organized suicide bombing attacks. More than 100 soldiers and civilians were wounded in a string of bold assaults against allied forces this holiday week, which brought a burst of violence to what had been a relatively calm southern Iraq. more...

    December 28, 2003
    The Death of Sergio Vieira De Mello – Collateral Damage: The death of Vieira de Mello, was a crippling blow to the U.N., comparable in its effect on the U.N.'s sense of its own possibility to the impact President Kennedy's murder had on the self-confidence of the United States. more...

    December 21, 2003
    The 'Bush Doctrine' Experiences Shining Moments: It has been a week of sweet vindication for those who promulgated what they call the Bush Doctrine. Beginning with the capture of Saddam Hussein a week ago and ending Friday with an agreement by Libya's Moammar Gaddafi to surrender his unconventional weapons, one after another international problem has eased. more...

    December 26, 2003
    "I hereby propose some rules for 2004 political reporting." During the 2000 election, many journalists focused on personalities (or, rather, perceptions of personalities) instead of issues. This time there can be no illusions: President Bush has turned this country sharply to the right, and this election will determine whether the right's takeover is complete. more...

    December 18, 2003
    Remember 'Weapons of Mass Destruction'? For Bush, They Are a Nonissue: The debate over war in Iraq raged over whether Saddam Hussein possessed arsenals of banned weapons, as the Bush administration repeatedly said, or instead was pursuing weapons programs that might one day constitute a threat. Now Bush suggests that he no longer sees much distinction. "So what's the difference?" he responded in an interview... more...

    December 18, 2003
    In Iran, Hopes for Democracy Dwindle: Frustration runs deep – the main reformist party, the Islamic Iran Participation Front (IIPF), has warned that it may call a boycott if its candidates are rejected in large numbers by the Guardian Council, an unelected conservative body that has heavily vetted candidates in the past. It is one lever of power in Iran, along with the judiciary and security forces, that remains in the hands of hard-liners. more...

    December 17, 2003
    Chair of 9/11 Investigation Commission: Attack Was Preventable: For the first time, the chairman of the independent commission investigating the Sept. 11 attacks is saying publicly that 9/11 could have and should have been prevented. "This is a very, very important part of history and we've got to tell it right," said Thomas Kean. "This was not something that had to happen." Appointed by the Bush administration, Kean, a former Republican governor of New Jersey, is now pointing fingers inside the administration and laying blame. more...

    December 17, 2003
    Insurgents or Protesters? 18 are Killed in Clashes with US Troops: While Washington and London were still congratulating themselves on the capture of Saddam Hussein, US troops have shot dead at least 18 Iraqis in the streets of three major cities in the country. As usual, the American military claimed that all 18 dead were "insurgents" and that US forces had come under fire in all three cities... more...

    December 17, 2003
    A Regional Peace Forecast from the U.K. Guardian: Which will end first ... the occupation of Iraq or the occupation of Palestine? It is a question that has been niggling me for a while... I am inclined to put my money on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict ending first - mainly because of a gut feeling that the Americans will be stuck in Iraq far longer than they imagine. more...

    December 16, 2003
    Pope Peace Message Takes Swipe at U.S. Over Iraq: Pope John Paul took a swipe at the United States and its allies Tuesday for invading Iraq without U.N. approval, suggesting they had succumbed to the temptation to use the law of force instead of the force of law. more...

    December 14, 2003
    Saddam Hussein arrested in Iraq: The former leader was found hiding in a cellar at a farmhouse about 15km (10 miles) south of his hometown Tikrit. Video footage apparently showing a dishevelled-looking Saddam with a long black and gray beard in custody receiving a medical check-up was shown at the press conference. He was found following intelligence indicating he was at one of two possible locations south of Tikrit. more...

    December 12, 2003
    U.S. Sees Evidence of Overcharging in Iraq Contract: A Pentagon investigation has found evidence that a subsidiary of the politically connected Halliburton Company overcharged the government by as much as $61 million for fuel delivered to Iraq under huge no-bid reconstruction contracts, senior military officials said Thursday. The subsidiary, Kellogg, Brown & Root, also submitted a proposal for cafeteria services that seemed to be inflated by $67 million, the officials said. more...

    December 11, 2003
    Businessmen Use Bush Link to Win Deals: Two businessmen instrumental in setting up New Bridge Strategies, a well-connected Washington firm designed to help clients win contracts in Iraq, have previously used an association with the younger brother of President George W. Bush to seek business in the Middle East, an investigation by the respected publication Financial Times has found. more...

    December 9, 2003
    The Radical – What Dick Cheney Really Believes: When Cheney signed on as Bush's running mate in 2000, many people expected him to bring George H.W. Bush's realist foreign policy instincts with him. U.S. News & World Report quickly dubbed him "bush's back-to-the-future veep pick." After all, Cheney had spent the latter half of the 1990s as CEO of one of the world's largest oil-services companies, where he argued against economic sanctions and for engagement with tyrannies like Iran. And Cheney had not spent the '90s – as his longtime ally Wolfowitz had – publicly agonizing over the decision to leave Saddam's regime intact. more...

    December 8, 2003
    A War of Choice or of Necessity? Eight months after the Bush administration got us involved in a bloody war in Iraq, we are now told by one of Secretary of State Colin L. Powell's closest advisers that Iraq was a war of choice after all. According to Richard Haass, director of policy planning at the State Department until June 2003 and still the Bush administration's special envoy to Northern Ireland, the administration "did not have to go to war against Iraq, certainly not when we did. There were other options" [op-ed, Nov. 23 ]. Really? more...

    December 8, 2003
    Interview: Sidney Blumenthal with William Rivers Pitt: Sidney Blumenthal was a former assistant and senior advisor to President Clinton. He is the author of several books, including ‘The Permanent Campaign,’ ‘The Rise of the Counter-Establishment,’ ‘Our Long National Daydream,’ ‘Pledging Allegiance – The Last Campaign of the Cold War,’ and most recently ‘The Clinton Wars.’ William Rivers Pitt is the managing editor of truthout.org. He is a New York Times and international best-selling author of "War On Iraq," "The Greatest Sedition is Silence," and "Our Flag, Too: The Paradox of Patriotism." more...

    December 7, 2003
    Tough New Tactics by U.S. Tighten Grip on Iraq Towns: The Americans embarked on their get-tough strategy in early November, goaded by what proved to be the deadliest month yet for American forces in Iraq, with 81 soldiers killed by hostile fire. The response they chose is beginning to echo the Israeli counterinsurgency campaign in the occupied territories. It appears to be coming at the cost of alienating many of the people the Americans are trying to win over. more...

    December 5, 2003
    Pentagon and Bogus News: All Is Denied: Early last year Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld disbanded the Pentagon's Office of Strategic Influence after it became known that the office was considering plans to provide false news items to unwitting foreign journalists to influence policymakers and public sentiment abroad. But a couple of months ago, the Pentagon quietly awarded a $300,000 contract to SAIC, a major defense consultant, to study how the Defense Department could design an "effective strategic influence" campaign to combat global terror, according to an internal Pentagon document. more...

    December 4, 2003
    The Vanishing Case for War: Congress's and the president's faith in the case for war confirms that something has been going on deep in the American psyche since the beginning of the cold war, a progressive withering of the skeptical faculty when "secret intelligence" is called in to buttress a president's case for whatever he wants. Forty years ago Congress voted for war in Vietnam based on reports that were either plain wrong or misleading. Again and again throughout the cold war Congress voted billions for new weapons systems to meet hypothetical, exaggerated, or even imaginary threats—routinely backed up by evidence too secret to reveal. more...

    December 1, 2003
    An Unabashed Hawk's Unvarnished Warning : "The administration's bungled policy is leading toward disaster: No wonder the neo-conservatives in the Bush administration are in retreat: their policy of replacing Middle East tyrants with democracy and functioning economies is in grave danger of falling at the first hurdle, largely from lack of American willpower..." more...

    November 30, 2003
    'Two great weeks' says general. For who? America's top military commander in Iraq conceded yesterday that the search for Saddam Hussein is proving "difficult" and appealed for help from the Iraqi population in finding the fugitive dictator. But he also insisted that the last fortnight has been a "great two weeks" for the US-led coalition forces and for Iraq. The general's upbeat views will surprise critics of the occupation, not least because he delivered them at the end of the deadliest month for the 130,000 American troops in Iraq since the US-led invasion in March. more...

    November 29, 2003
    November Deadliest Month in Iraq: More U.S. troops have died in Iraq in November than in any month since the war began in March. The official death count yesterday stood at 79, surpassing March (65) and April (73), when the invasion was underway and fighting was most intense and widespread. The surge has reflected an increase in the effectiveness and the frequency of guerrilla attacks. more...

    November 29, 2003
    Bush's Iraq visit a pre-election PR stunt — analysis: "Electoral raid on Baghdad" read the caustic headline in the left-wing Paris daily Liberation which summed up European newspaper editorial reaction to President George W. Bush's Thanksgiving Day visit to US troops in Iraq. more...

    November 28, 2003
    Selective Intelligence Faulty in "Saddam/Osama link": Bush administration hard-liners have a dangerous habit of selectively using intelligence to support the policy conclusions they favor. The latest example of that tendentious approach comes in the leaked Pentagon memo on alleged operational links between Saddam Hussein and al Qaeda that was summarized last week by the Weekly Standard. more...

    November 27, 2003
    Attacks on G.I.'s in Mosul Rise as Good Will Fades: Since the Americans came to town seven months ago, the firefighters in this northern Iraqi city have gotten new trucks and new uniforms, American training and salaries 10 times larger than they used to be. But when word came Sunday afternoon that two American soldiers had been shot in the head and killed a block away, the men of Ras al Jada fire station ran to the site and looked on with glee as a crowd of locals dragged the Americans from their car and tore off their watches and jackets and boots. "I was happy, everyone was happy," Waadallah Muhammad, one of the firefighters, said as he stood in front of the firehouse. "The Americans, yes, they do good things, but only to enhance their reputation. They are occupiers. We want them to leave." more...

    November 24, 2003
    Iraq – is it "Vietnam" or "Israel"? "Vietnam is tempting, since it is what the word "quagmire" brings to mind," writes columnist William Raspberry. "What makes me think of Israel, though, is last week's American bombing raid near the central Iraq town of Tikrit..." more...

    November 20, 2003
    War critics astonished as Richard Perle admits invasion was illegal: International lawyers and anti-war campaigners reacted with astonishment yesterday after the influential Pentagon hawk Richard Perle conceded that the invasion of Iraq had been illegal. In a startling break with the official White House and Downing Street lines, Mr Perle told an audience in London: "I think in this case international law stood in the way of doing the right thing." more...

    November 20, 2003
    "Welcome to Vietnam, Mr. President" As White House denials grow insistent, some of the sharpest thinkers of the Vietnam generation see stark parallels with the war in Iraq. more...

    November 18, 2003
    How the Orwellian White House Continues to Keep the Saddam-9/11 Connection Alive, even after Bush debunked the lie. They are the masters of "1984" double speak... more...

    November 18, 2003
    Police Leave Cancelled for Bush's London Visit: The US president's visit will be the UK's most intensively policed event, London's force said on Monday. The Metropolitan police, which has cancelled all leave for the state visit that starts when George W. Bush flies into Heathrow on Tuesday evening, has raised the number of shifts worked by officers from 5,000 to 14,000 during the four days he is in London. more...

    November 18, 2003
    Blair to Push for Fresh Plan for Peace in Iraq: Tony Blair is pressing for the US and UK to adopt a fresh strategy to bring peace to Iraq, with greater involvement for Iraqis in their political future and more proactive diplomacy with the country's neighbours. more...

    November 18, 2003
    U.S. General Speeds the Shift in an Iraqi City: An American commander is preparing to pull troops back from Ramadi, a city at the center of guerrilla activity, and turn it over to Iraqi officers, an experiment that could change the course of the occupation of Iraq. more...

    November-December, 2003
    The Burden of Truth: "In my experience – and that includes more than 40 years in this town watching these kinds of things very closely – it's the first time that I've seen such a long-term, orchestrated plan of deception by which one branch of our government deliberately misled the other on a matter of war and peace." – Two former CIA analysts talk about the lies behind the Iraq war and the heavy weight of conscience. more...

    November 15, 2003
    400th U.S. Soldier Dies in Iraq: Chief U.S. administrator L. Paul Bremer on Saturday presented Iraq's Governing Council with Washington's new policy proposals aimed at speeding up Iraq's sovereignty, as the military reported that a soldier was killed when his vehicle struck a roadside bomb, becoming the 400th U.S. serviceman to die since the conflict began in March. more...

    November 14, 2003
    George Bush's meeting with families of British soldiers killed in Iraq was dismissed as a selfish stunt by two angry fathers. As he prepared to face the bereaved families, Mr Bush was unapologetic about his decision to go to war. "The actions we have taken will make the world more secure and the world more peaceful in the long run." he said. Mr Bush said he will offer the families the sympathy "of the American people and the prayers of the president". more...

    November 13, 2003
    The number of U.S. casualties from Operation Iraqi Freedom has passed 9,000 That includes troops killed, wounded or evacuated due to injury or illness, according to new Pentagon data. A leading veterans' advocate expressed concern. "We are shocked at the dramatic increase in casualties," said Steve Robinson, executive director of the National Gulf War Resource Center. more...

    November 10, 2000
    Will Noncitizens Decide the Election?:Al Gore was directly involved in turning the non-profit Citizenship USA into "a pro-Democrat voter mill" in which English tests were waived and criminal records of prospective citizens swept under the rug in places such as New York City, Chicago, and other key battlegrounds during the 1996 presidential election, claims David Schippers's book, Sell Out. more...

    November 11, 2003
    Al Gore speaks on "Freedom And Security": A lot of changes have taken place that a lot of people don’t know about and that come as unwelcome surprises. For example, for the first time in our history, American citizens have been seized by the executive branch of government and put in prison without being charged with a crime, without having the right to a trial, without being able to see a lawyer, and without even being able to contact their families. more...

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February-August 2003 articles on the war in Iraq will be found at the Pre-emptive War link.